FOS is simply a long chain carbohydrate that occurs naturally in various plants. They are typically considered a non-soluble dietary fibre, in that they contribute to healthy bulk in our digestive tract and also are believed to act as a healthy ‘food’ to our intestinal microflora.
Fibre is a very healthy additive to any food and this is why Prime Fifty have utilised FOS in their Muscle maintenance product.
Flax seed is a rich source of EFAs (essential fatty acids), which are needed for optimal health. One such EFA found in flax seed is a key Omega 3 fatty acid called alpha-linolenic acid or simply ALA. This particular Omega 3 can be converted into larger Omega 3’s as those found in oily fish (EPA and DHA to be exact).
Omega 3 ‘s such as DHA and EPA have proven heart health benefits both in blood pressure and also in maintaining normal levels of triglycerides, which are fats found in the blood.
Flax seed is used as a part of the Muscle Maintenance product.
Milk contains around 5% protein and milk protein is simply a concentrated extract of this milk protein. Milk protein is approximately 80% casein protein and 20% whey protein, both of which contribute to the maintenance of muscle mass in younger and older adults alike.
According to many scientific studies, milk derived proteins have a higher digestibility and also are a higher quality than other proteins like soy, pea, rice etc and this is the reason why Prime Fifty have used this particular milk derived protein in their Muscle Maintenance product, to help combat sarcopenia (muscle loss with age).
Protein is the most important nutrient for our muscles. Our muscles are always in a state of flux, both breaking down and also reforming new tissue. Protein is needed as the main building block of all our muscles, but also of other key tissues such as bones, blood and also hormones. Protein is made up of individual amino acid building blocks.
Whey protein, which is extracted from milk, is considered to be the ‘best’ and most complete protein compared to the many other proteins available. This is because whey protein contains the highest proportion of ‘essential’ amino acids i.e. those amino acids that cannot be synthesised in the body.
In addition whey protein comprises the highest fraction of the ‘essential amino acids’ which cannot be made in our body, and therefore must come from our diet.
In addition, a pan European study involving the top protein scientists around the world also came together and agreed that whey protein was the best protein to combat muscle loss in ageing populations and this is why Prime Fifty have used it in this product.
Collagen is one of the most abundant compounds in our bodies and represents around 30% of our body’s protein content. It makes up the skin, bones and also that very important cartilage, that holds tissue and the skeletal system together. Also it is present in blood vessels, the cornea of the eye and in the gut too. It is in effect like a biological ‘glue’ that holds us together.
As we age our body is less able to make collagen and this leads to cell structures losing their strength, seen outwardly in the form of wrinkles, for example.
Importantly, collagen is also found in connective tissues including cartilage itself, tendons and ligaments.
In addition to Vitamin C and copper within the Prime Fifty Joint Health product, included for collagen formation and the maintenance of connective tissues, hydrolysed collagen (a more soluble form of collagen) has also been added to the formulation, as further support.
Protein is composed of building blocks called amino acids. Our body needs twenty such amino acids, some of which can be synthesised within our own metabolism, while other aminos need to come from our diet. These aminos are called ‘essential’ amino acids for obvious reasons.
All of us, as we age, will tend to lose up to a quarter of our muscle mass by the time we are 60-65, which can lead to loss of strength, stability and induce a level of frailty later on, if we do not do something about it.
The results of a scientific global think-tank on ageing and muscle loss (sarcopenia) concluded that both exercise and also a higher intake of protein are needed as we age, in order to combat this muscle wastage.
Now getting to back to L-Leucine which is quite a special amino acid, it was also concluded that this particular amino acid is also a major contributor to muscle health and indeed is highly relevant to ageing muscle tissue. L-Leucine in particular is also a stimulus to helping us build muscle and therefore it is included in Prime Fifty’s Muscle Maintenance product. This is in addition to the L-Leucine which is already present from the protein itself within the formulation.
Glucosamine is well recognised and accepted across the world as a front line, joint health ingredient. It is found naturally in quite high concentration in joints and is a basic building block of certain constituents of cartilage. Glucosamine is important for maintaining elasticity, strength and resilience of cartilage, helping to reduce damage to joints. In such supplements (as with Prime Fifty), it is used in conjunction with chondroitin, also found naturally in joint tissues.
The way in which glucosamine works in largely unknown but latest theories suggest that glucosamine may help stimulate the synthesis of collagen, though this is not yet totally proven. Despite the huge body of scientific evidence across the world, surprisingly health claims for this ingredient are still being debated in Brussels within EFSA (European Food Safety Authority).
Grape Seed Extract comes from the seeds of red grapes and is full of a variety of polyphenolics ingredients. These belong to a group of plant substances called flavonoids, that are in essence powerful anti-oxidants.
Fruit and vegetables are typically rich in such polyphenolics and have been pushed as a key part of our diet by all the health experts.
Initial studies are showing that GSE may even lower fat levels in the blood and also help contribute to heart health, though this is not yet fully proven and accepted by the EU’s scientific panel. However, research is continuing in this very rich and promising field.
Prime Fifty has therefore included in all its products, a rich source of concentrated polyphenolics from its grape seed extract as its prime source.
Milk, whether it is full fat, semi or fully skimmed, contains around 5% lactose, which is a naturally occurring sugar found in milk. As with normal sugars (which are carbohydrates), it is simply broken down into its basic building blocks (glucose and galactose) and used for energy production.
However, some adults have what is called ‘lactose intolerance’ where they find it more difficult to digest and metabolise the lactose. Sometimes this can lead to bloating and discomfort in the stomach. The reason for this is because we are no longer producing the enzyme ‘lactase’, whose job it is to break it down.
In the Muscle Maintenance powder product from Prime Fifty, we have added a suitable amount of the enzyme, lactase, so that the lactose present in the milk derived product, can more easily be digested.
This material is naturally occurring co-enzyme present in all our cells and is embedded deep within our cell’s mitochondria, which are the cell’s energy powerhouses. CoQ10 is used to produce energy needed for cell growth, metabolism and maintenance.
It is thought to also function as a cell protecting anti-oxidant too, especially with proteins. CoQ10 is being evaluated in studies on heart health but there are many studies which still appear controversial.
CoQ10 levels in our cells is also known to reduce with age hence its relevance in energy supplements such as Prime Fifty’s Energising product.